All authorization agreements are exclusive or non-exclusive. An authorization agreement is only if you are the only person who has the right to use the work as stated in the agreement. If you conclude z.B. with the owner of a photo an agreement on the exclusive use of the photo in a cookbook, no one could use the photo in another cookbook. The exclusivity can be as narrow or wide as you choose. For example, you could extend the exclusivity of your licensing agreement by giving yourself the exclusive right to print the photo in each book, not just in any cookbook. A work that is not protected by intellectual property laws is accessible to the public and can be used without authorization. Most works that fall into the public do so according to age. The status of the public domain may also be due to other reasons that are discussed in the public domain section. In addition, certain types of art, such as film and recorded music, may involve multiple owners, each with a distinct right to different underlying works.
For example, to use a Johnny Cash recording, permission would have to be obtained from the record company, the music publisher (owner of the song) and, in some cases, Mr. Cash`s estate. You may be aware that it is important to obtain permission before using copyrighted content. But do you know how to get that permission? This article explains how to contact a copyright holder for permission and what you can ask for. Below are sample letters that you can use to get permission from a copyright owner to use his works. These letters can be tailored to your specific needs. If the copyright holder has proposed a license that is useful to you and you are willing to pay the fee, you can use it in the manner defined in the terms of the license agreement. You do not need permission for work in the public domain. This is not always an easy question to determine, but from January 1, 2020, it contains all the work published before 1925. (From January 1, 2021, it will contain all the work that was published before 1926. And so on.) No, you don`t need the permission of the copyright owner to show a copyrighted film in a face-to-face (i.e.
non-online) class at NYU. This is because copyright provides for a specific exception that allows representations or performances of works in non-profit educational institutions during personal education, either in the classroom or in a „similar place devoted to teaching.“ This exception applies not only to films, but also to copyrighted works.